Hispanic or Latino, What is the Difference?

The words “Hispanic” and “Latino” are often used interchangeably. Even though the two groups frequently overlap, however, they are not one and the same thing. It is important to understand the difference between these two ethnonyms to speak intelligibly. So what exactly separates a Hispanic from a Latino? Read on to find out.

Latino Refers to the Country

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The English word “Latino” is shortened from the Spanish phrase “Latino Americano.” Males are considered Latinos and females Latinas if they descend from a Latin American country. These include countries located in South America, Central America, a handful of countries in the Caribbean Islands and Mexico.

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List of Latin Countries

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There are a total of 26 Latin countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Uruguay and Venezuela. The combined population of these countries is upwards of 617 million.